The number of economically active population of working age in January-November 2012 in Sevastopol constituted 175,3 thousand persons , in the Crimea - 906,5 thousand persons , that somewhat exceeded the indicators of 2011 year - 173,4 thousand people and 892,8 thousand people correspondingly. Men aged 15-59 and women aged 15-54 belong to the population of working age. However, according to the law of pension reform, since 2012 working age of women has increased to 55 years.
Table 1. The annual average amount of the employed people aged 15-70, thousand persons
* data for the period January - September
Chart 1. The dynamics of the employed people aged 15-70, thousand persons
At the end of 2011, the number of employed people aged 15-70 constituted 179,2 thousand persons in Sevastopol, of which equal numbers of men and women. At the same time, the urban population exceeded the rural population almost 17 times.
In the Crimea the indicator constituted 913,9 thousand persons, of which most of them were men 53% (484,4 thousand) and women - 47% (429,5 thousand). The urban population constituted 542,9 thousand persons that 1,5 times exceeded the number of the rural population (371,0 thousand people).
Table 2. The dynamics of the number employed people of enterprises, institutions and organizations aged 15-70, thousand persons
In Ukraine (including Sevastopol and the Crimea) from 2000 to 2011 was declining the number of employed people of enterprises, institutions and organizations and their percentage of the total employed population. The highest number of the employed people registered in Donetsk, Dnepropetrovsk and Kyiv regions, the lowest - in Sevastopol. However, in 2000 in Sevastopol was the highest percentage of employed people of enterprises, institutions and organizations of the total employed population in Ukraine (96,6%). At the end of 2011, the highest percentage was in Kyiv and Kyiv region (over 80%).
At the end of 2012, demand of labour power in Sevastopol constituted 0,5 thousand persons (by 29% less than in 2011), in the Crimea - 3,0 thousand persons (by 9% less than in 2011). At the end of 2012, the highest demand was in Kyiv – 11,4 thousand persons, the lowest – in regions of Western Ukraine.
The young people aged 15-34 years constituted 23% of the total number of full-time employed people of Sevastopol and the Crimea.
At the end of 2011, the number of full-time employed people of pre-pension age (women aged 15-54, men - 55-59) in Sevastopol amounted 11,4 thousand persons or 10,8%, of which 63% were women. In the Crimea this indicator constituted 54,6 thousand persons or 11,4% , of which 61% were women.
At the end of 2011, the number of pension-age individuals in Sevastopol amounted 24,0 thousand persons or 22,8%. In the Crimea this indicator constituted 81,0 thousand persons or 16,9%.
Table 3. The number of employed people by type of economic activity. 2011, thousand persons
Chart 2. The employment by type of economic activity. the Crimea, 2011.
At the end of 2011, the biggest employment can be observed in the sectors of industry and public administration at the level of 16%, also education (13%); in the Crimea – industry and health care at the level of 16%, education (13%).
Although, in Sevastopol and the Crimea the industry has the largest share of employment (16%), but in Donetsk and Dnepropetrovsk regions work the largest part of the population of Ukraine – 40% and 30% correspondingly.
2. Wage levels of Sevastopol and the Autonomous Republic of Crimea
Over the last 10 years, the decrease of average wage level can be observed in Ukraine. At the same time, the average wage level in Sevastopol marked higher than in the Crimea.
Table 4. The average wages, UAH.
Over the last 5 years, the average wage in Ukraine had increased almost 2 times, in particular in Sevastopol and the Crimea 1,5 times.
At the end of 2012, the average wage in Ukraine constituted 3 377 UAH, maximum wage in Kyiv - 4 611 UAH, minimum wage in Ternopil region - 2 191 UAH. The average wage in Sevastopol and the Crimea has average level among other regions of Ukraine.
Have to notice, that sizes of minimum subsistence level and the floor wage were provided by the law on the State Budget 2012 (see Table 5)
Table 5. The minimum subsistence level and the floor wage in Ukraine, UAH
Chart 3. The dynamics of the average wages, UAH
Over the last 3 years, the level of wages in Sevastopol has increased in the sector of services (84%), public administration (45%) and health care (40%). At the end of 2012, the highest level of wage in Sevastopol marked in the financial sector at the level of 4 554 UAH, that by 21% more than in 2010. The lowest level of wages in Sevastopol has employed people in the aquaculture and fish industry (1 275 UAH).
Table 6. The dynamics of the average wages by type of industrial activities. Sevastopol, UAH
Over the last 3 years, in the Crimea the highest level of wages marked in the financial sector (by 42%), industry (by 40%), real estate activities (by 40%), transport and communication. At the end of 2012, the highest level of wages in the Crimea also marked in the financial sector at the level of 4 313 UAH. In the Crimea and Sevastopol the lowest level of wages has employed people in fishing, fishery and aquaculture (1 128 UAH)
Table 7. The dynamics of the average wages by type of industrial activities. Crimea, UAH
Table 8. The dynamics of wage arrears, thousand UAH
Chart 4. The dynamics of wage arrears, thousand UAH
The lowest level of wage arrears in Sevastopol was marked in 2008 and constituted 360 thousand UAH, later there was sharp increase. At the end of 2012, the amount of wage arrears increased 22 times and reached 7 758 thousand UAH.
In the Crimea, there is non-constant dynamics of wages arrears. At the end of 2012, the level of wages arrears constituted 54 416 thousand UAH, that by 23% less than last year.